First, thank you to everyone who’s been reading my blog!
The Mexican Revolution lasted from 1910-1920 and had a significant impact on Mexico AND the United States, however, sometimes it seems like the “forgotten Revolution”. To my knowledge, not many American schools educate students about the Mexican Revolution, or at least none that I attended. When I talk to people about Evangelina’s Journey and mention the backdrop is the Mexican Revolution, I often get a look that says, “Wow…that sounds interesting,” followed by a 2nd look that conveys, “What the heck happened in the Mexican Revolution?” Over the past 3 years I’ve read a great deal about this time in history, but I am by no means an expert.
Here’s a quick tutorial on the key players (I’ve taken some of my descriptions shamelessly from Wikipedia):
Porfirio Diaz: Mexican President for 7 terms – nearly 3 decades, considered by most a Dictator who brought modernization and economic growth to Mexico but at the expense of the people who lived in abject poverty.
Francisco Madero: Mexican statesman, writer and revolutionary who served as 33rd President of Mexico from 1911 until his assassination in 1913. A campaigner for social justice and democracy, he was instrumental in creating the revolutionary movement in 1910, which led to the fall of the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz.
Victoriano Huerta: Mexican military officer and short-term president of Mexico. His supporters were known as Huertistas. He was a staunch supporter of Porfirio Diaz.
Emiliano Zapata: Leading figure in the Mexican Revolution. He formed and commanded an important revolutionary force, the Liberation Army of the South. Followers of Zapata were known as Zapatistas. His objectives were to re-establish the rights of Mexico’s poor and most importantly, give them back the land that was once rightfully theirs.
Pancho Villa (an important character in my book): One of the most prominent Mexican Revolutionary generals. Villa and his supporters seized hacienda land for distribution to peasants and soldiers. He robbed and commandeered trains and, like the other revolutionary generals, printed fake money to pay for his cause. Villa’s men became known as Villistas. While Villa was a man with noble intentions, he and his supporters eventually became vigilantes who often killed & kidnapped innocent people and plundered property & possessions in the name of justice.
To learn more, check out this site with a simple, high-level overview of the Revolution: http://mexicanhistory.org/MexicanRevolutiontimeline.htm:
Another site with a bit more detail is here: http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/296-the-revolution-a-nation-in-flux-part-1-1910-20 Make sure to read Parts 1 & 2.
More to come!